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Wednesday, March 1, 2017
Severe Weather in Texas, How to Prepare!
This is a repost from April 8, 2015
Originally written by By Suzanne Wiley, who is a volunteer contributor
American Red Cross
An old neighbor of mine—our houses three miles northeast of
downtown Forth Worth—recounts the March 28, 2000 Fort Worth Tornado. She says,
“The air was so still and the sky was green. It was quiet. Eerily quiet at
first. A few pieces of paper were flying around the street. Then I heard it. We
went inside and took shelter. After it was over, there was paper everywhere,
covering the yard like there had been a heavy snowfall. Yeah, it was scary.
Ten tornadoes hit North Texas that night. The Fort Worth
Tornado ripped through neighborhoods in River Oaks, Camp Bowie and West 7th and
then right through downtown. The Cash America Building, the Calvary Cathedral
and the Bank One Building all sustained damaged. The Bank One building lost
3,000 windows. Two people died while trying to seek shelter. Eighty others were
Though it doesn’t feel like it with winter making its
last—and late—hoorah in North Texas, March 1 marked the start of meteorological
spring. We face three months of the most unpredictable and possibly the most
devastating weather of the year. In fact, long-range forecasts predict that
March and April in Texas will be rainier and stormier than normal. Paul
Patelok, who is a lead long-range forecaster at AccuWeather.com says, “I think
we’re going to have a lot more tornadoes for the spring season compared to the
last couple of years…”
In Texas, we don’t worry about just tornadoes, but also
severe lighting, thunder and hail storms that can cause significant damage and
even death. Time to get you and your family prepared for the upcoming spring
Hailstorms happen when a thunderstorm produces hail 5
millimeters in diameter—a dime is twice that size—or larger. Texas sits in the
“Hail Belt,” an area that experiences the worst hailstorms in the country. In
1995, a horrible hailstorm hit Fort Worth’s May Fest, causing $2 million
dollars in damage and injuring 100 people. In March 2000, a softball-sized
hailstone hit a 19-year-old man from Lake Worth, Texas, killing him
Preparing for Hailstorms
There is not much you can do to prepare for hailstorms, besides
keeping your vehicle in the garage all season and walking around wearing a
football helmet, but when hail hits, go inside and remain inside until the
hailstorm is over. If you are outside, seek shelter under a picnic pavilion,
gazebo or sturdy awning or inside a store, bathroom or other structure. Once
inside, close the blinds and curtains to protect yourself from breaking glass.
If you are in your car, pull over and turn away from the windshield, while
covering yourself with a blanket or coat.
There are two main types of floods—overland floods and flash
floods. In North Texas, our greatest risk is flash flooding. A flash flood
occurs when the city’s drainage system cannot drain heavy rains fast enough.
Floods happen quickly and are hard to predict. They are the cause of the most
weather-related deaths in America—mostly due to people believing floodwaters
are passable. Remember—Turn Around! Don’t Drown! It only takes 18 inches of
water to float away a regular sedan-sized car.
Preparing for a Flood
Floods have the potential to contaminate city water
supplies, so store enough drinking water for drinking and personal hygiene. The
absolute minimum requirement is one gallon of water per person per day. A flood
has the possibility to force you to evacuate your home. Download the Red Cross
Flood app for flood alerts and to locate your nearest shelter.
Lightning is the electrostatic discharge from the
electrically charged area between a cloud and the surface of the Earth and
occurs in all thunderstorms. On average, lightning kills 300 Americans a year.
Preparing for a Lightning Storm
When you hear thunder or see lightning, go inside or seek
shelter in a concrete building or structure. If you are camping, hiking or
otherwise far from shelter, crouch down—don’t lay down—wrap your arms around
your knees and keep your head down. For more on what do during a lightning
storm, read “The Importance of Practicing Lightning Safety.”
There are four types of thunderstorms, classified by their
severity. North Texas experiences all of them. We are mostly concerned with
multi-cell cluster, multi-cell line and supercell thunderstorms—all of which
have the ability to produce tornadoes. Prepare for a severe thunderstorm, the
same way you a tornado.
A tornado forms when updrafts of warm, humid air create a
high-speed whirlwind. This rotating whirlwind or rotating cloud then forms a
tornado when it reaches the ground. The United States experiences an average
1,200 tornadoes a year, with May through June being the peak time. Oddly, even
though tornadoes can occur any time of the day, they most likely happen between
3 and 9 pm.
Preparing for Tornadoes and Thunderstorms
The first thing you need to know is the difference between a
tornado watch and a tornado warning. A Tornado watch is when conditions are
suitable to produce a tornado. A warning means a tornado has been confirmed in
your area. If your area is under a tornado warning, it is time to put your
family emergency plan in place immediately.
If you are away from a radio or newscast, know the signs of
a tornado. You might see clouds moving towards each other or rotating, flying
debris, a green or green-black sky, hail, wall cloud or hear the sound like a
freight train. When you see any of those signs, seek shelter right away.
To prepare for a severe thunderstorm or tornado establish a
“safe room” in your home. If you live in a mobile home—no room inside is safe.
For those who live in mobile homes, you should seek shelter elsewhere or build
an underground storm shelter outside the home.
Your safe room should be an interior room without windows on
the lowest floor, and as far away from outside walls as possible. This could be
a closet, bathroom or even the room under your stairs. Many apartments and
smaller homes have no rooms that have only interior walls. Some experts believe
that bathrooms, due to the pipes surrounding it have added protection—possibly
more so than a closet. If your bathroom is the only safe room in the house,
when there is a threat of tornado, get into the bathroom, and cover yourself
with a mattress or heavy blankets.
FEMA suggests the room you pick should have enough room for
everyone in the family to stand comfortably for two hours. Be sure to
accommodate any elderly or disabled family members. If you care for someone
with special needs, put a chair in your safe room.
You need to stock your safe room with essential and
Necessary and emergency medications—inhalers, oxygen,
aspirin, insulin, EpiPen, etc.
Helmets for children
Sturdy shoes for every family member
First aid kit
Emergency weather alert radio
Signaling device, such as a whistle
Babies’ needs such as formula and diapers
The American Red Cross has readiness items such as signal
whistles, flashlights and disasters kits ranging from the basics to a
four-person, three-day survival kit.
If you are on the road or far from a sturdy structure, do
not pull over and hide under an overpass. This is a myth! Experts agree that an
overpass is actually one of the most unsafe places to seek shelter during a
tornado. Instead, pull over, get in a low-lying area like a ditch, and cover
your head. If you absolutely have no other choice but to stay in the car, keep
your seat belt on, roll up all the windows, bend down as far as you can below
the windows and cover your head with a blanket or any other material you have.
For all the information on tornado preparedness, download
the Red Cross tornado warning app.